Socio-Economic Analysis within
Marine Spatial Planning

Client Literature Review | Department of Fisheries and Oceans
Location Canada

An important component of Canada’s Ocean Strategy is the identification and development of a Marine Protected Areas network. Canada’s Pacific marine environment contains a wide variety of valued resources and provides a diversity of ecosystem goods and services, but it has been placed under considerable ecological stress with the increased growth of the economy of British Columbia. A rigorous and effective protected area network is necessary to ensure the long-term sustainability of the marine ecosystem while maintaining economic productivity. These complex circumstances involve the interests of multiple stakeholders with a variety of, often contradictory, goals.

At the behest of the Canadian Department of Fisheries and Oceans, the firm conducted an extensive literature review of existing worldwide efforts to incorporate socio-economic factors into the design of Marine Protected Areas. Studies were compared and critiqued to identify those whose methodologies were appropriate for use in Canada’s Pacific waters.